Art and Antiques Terminology
There are 6 names in this directory beginning with the letter A.
An alloy is a mixture of at least two elements, at least one of which must be a metal. Metal composes the greatest proportion of the alloy. Alloys are developed and used because the mixture has better efficacy and/or more desirable properties than the individual elements that compose it.
An animalier, from the French, is an artist whose specialty is depicting animals. It was a particularly important art specialty before the days of photography, in much the same way as was portrait painting.
Antiques are items of human manufacture that are at least one hundred years old. A less traditional view is: items manufactured before 1930. (See What is an Antique? An article by Aleta Curry, for a discussion.)
Antiquities (ancient artifacts) are decorative or functional items from the ancient past. A person who deals in antiquities is an antiquarian rather than an antique dealer.
Art Deco, one of the best known design periods, was a widespread design movement of the 1920s and 1930s. It is easily recognised due to its bold lines. Art Deco was a radical departure from previous design styles; designs were bold, geometric, often colourful, geometric and streamlined.
Art Nouveau was the first major design movement of the 20th Century, popular from roughly 1890-1905. It followed the Arts and Crafts movement and preceded Art Deco. It can be considered a bridging style between the neoclassical and modern design movements.
This is a Glossary of Art and Antiques Terminology. It includes Fine Art, Decorative Art and Design.
You will find definitions, artists, designers, time periods, materials, makers and manufacturers.